Prevalence of eye diseases and visual impairment in urban population - A study from University of Malaya Medical Centre
AbstractOne thousand one hundred and sixty-nine (1169) patients were examined in the Eye Clinic of University of Malaya MedicalCentre over a period of three weeks to determine the prevalence of eye diseases and visual impairment. Age, gender, race,visual acuity and diagnosis of patients were noted from the case records. Cataract (385, 32.9%) was the most common eyedisease seen in our study followed by glaucoma (274, 23.4%). Refractive errors were seen in 126 (10.8%) while diabeticretinopathy was noted in 113 (9.7%) patients. One hundred and fifteen (9.6%) patients had visual impairment and 11 (0.9%)had blindness in our study according to WHO classification of visual impairment. Refractive errors are the most commoncauses of visual impairment in children, while cataract, glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy account for visual impairment inelderly people. All these eye diseases are treatable and the severe eye conditions may be potentially preventable with earlydiagnosis.
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