Pattern of ocular trauma in Kuching, Malaysia
Objectives: To analyze the causes and characteristics of ocular injuries presenting to Sarawak General Hospital (SGH),Kuching.
Design: It is a prospective hospital-based study done for a period of 1 year.
Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Sarawak General Hospital, Malaysia.
Participants: All ocular injury patients seen for the first time in the Eye Department during the period January 2006 toDecember 2006 were included in the study. Eye injury patients on follow-up and treated elsewhere were excluded.
Results: A total of 233 patients, and 257 eyes, were studied. Men had six-fold higher rates of injury than women. Theaverage age of presentation was 30 years. The predominant age group was between 21-30 years, 26.2 % (n=61). Eyeinjuries related to work were seen in 36.9% of patients. There was a gross negligence in the use of personal protectivedevices in the work-related group. The common settings in which the injuries occurred included home 34.3% (n=80) andindustrial premises 31.8% (n=74). Assault-related injuries 7.7% (n=18) were seen mostly among young men in the agebetween 20-30 years. The initial presenting visual acuity of the patients with blunt ocular trauma was better than penetratinginjury.
Conclusion: Ocular injuries were common in young males. Work related eye injuries were noted in a significant number ofcases. Health education and preventive strategies both in the working place and at home will help to decrease the occurrenceof ocular injuries.
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