Management of hypertension
Hypertension (HPT) is defined as persistent elevation of systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of ≥90 mmHg. In 2006, prevalence of HPT in Malaysia was 42.6% among those aged ≥30 years. The classification of high blood pressure (BP), although arbitrary, is useful as clinicians must make treatment decisions based on the measured BP and the patients’ associated cardiovascular/cerebrovascular risks and co-morbidities. Table 1 provides a classification of BP for adults (age ≥18 years old) who are not on any antihypertensive medication and who are not acutely ill.